Diana Rowden used to be bred to transform a prim and correct British society girl, however she selected a considerably different trail. She was a undercover agent, defending France from the Nazis all the way through International Battle II, turning in messages to resistance staff and serving to to sabotage a manufacturing unit making Nazi tanks. In The Long Run she was once betrayed via a double agent and killed, at age 29, in a focus camp.
Despite her heroic existence, her story has remained largely untold — formerly with the e-newsletter of “Her Best Hour, The Heroic Life Of Diana Rowden, Wartime Undercover Agent” (Amberley Publishing) via Gabrielle McDonald-Rothwell. McDonald-Rothwell, a historian who has written 3 earlier books approximately WWII mystery retailers, was once surprised the younger lady have been so overlooked by means of historical past. “i thought, ‘One Thing is very mistaken right here. Her tale was crying to be told.’ ”
Rowden, who was born in 1915 to “an illustrious and extended family of army officers, clerics and legal professionals,” spent her youth in the South of France and fell in love with the country, returning to review languages at the Sorbonne in Paris.
Whilst struggle broke out in France, Rowden stayed, becoming a member of the Red Cross, the place she was a nurse after which an ambulance driver, helping downed airmen and wounded squaddies get to escape routes to Spain and Portugal throughout the Pyrenees. In 1941, whilst it become too bad for British citizens to remain in France to any extent further, she reluctantly lower back to England and shortly joined the women’s Auxiliary Air Power.
However “her most effective thought was to return to the rustic that she cherished. She used to be desperate to do one thing for the warfare effort,” says McDonald-Rothwell. “ issues motivated her: an severe love for the French and an extreme hatred of the Germans.” As an ambulance driving force in France she had witnessed the atrocities of the Germans — girls, youngsters, the elderly and even animals mowed down at the roads as they fled, strafed by means of German planes.
Her language talents quickly stuck the attention of the native workplace of the SOE — the Unique Operations Govt, a company based by means of Winston Churchill of sellers despatched to fight at the back of enemy lines. The SOE desperately wanted British electorate who could pass as French to be deployed there prior to the Allied invasion. The mission of the SOE was once to sabotage infrastructure and relay messages from British headquarters to different dealers and resistance employees within France.
In 1943, Rowden got her wish. She was flown again to her adopted native land as “Juliet Rondeau” — an orphaned Frenchwoman from Caen who worked in a store and taught languages for additonal money. She was a courier, handing over and retrieving secret radio messages by way of bicycle and train all the way through France.
She additionally helped with clandestine airdrops of fingers and ammunition, which would be parachuted to the bottom within the lifeless of night.
Rowden might assist lay the flares to steer the pilots to landing strips in fields the place they may drop their packages.
Her work was once bad. The Gestapo knew there were Allied agents in the united states, and she repeatedly needed to stay one step sooner than them. Even Supposing she spoke French completely, she seemed British, together with her honest skin, freckles and reddish hair.
Natzweiler concentration camp, where Rowden’s existence ended.
She “even walked like a British particular person,” in step with one one that knew her, writes McDonald-Rothwell.
Rowden used to be at all times on her defend — even the French had been suspect because many hated the resistance staff and the secret marketers for bringing savage reprisals from the Germans on their heads. requesting a cafe au lait will have supposed dying — all precise French folks knew that that beverage hadn’t been available for years as a result of food shortages within the country.
Still, Rowden — along side the other SOE dealers and French resistance participants — pulled off an incredible coup: sabotaging the Peugeot automobile manufacturing unit which, beneath German orders, was making tank turrets and aircraft engine parts. The venture set again Nazi tank-making operations for three months and infuriated the Germans.
All Over one project, Rowden used to be on a educate while she began to suspect she used to be being followed. She walked to the window of the train and watched the other passengers in its reflection. She quickly noticed two Gestapo agents, evident of their felt hats and overcoats, smoking cigarettes. Chiefly calm and transparent-headed, she back to her seat, pretending she hadn’t noticed them. Whilst the train stopped, she waited till the very last second, then got off, effectively leaving them at the back of.
Rowden knew the Germans had a description of her, so she dyed her hair blond, reduce it short and altered her code identify to ‘Marcelle.’
By Way Of then Rowden knew the Germans had a description of her, so she dyed her hair blond, reduce it brief and altered her code title to “Marcelle,” pretending to be a unwell cousin of the cafe proprietor with whom she took shelter in Epy. She kept interior such a lot days, however someday when she was once out searching for groceries, she used to be picked up all over a routine roundup. She used to be puzzled on the native Gestapo headquarters and thrown in a mobile phone. Interrogated for hours, she never cracked. “they might not break her story,” says McDonald-Rothwell.
Subsequent she was once despatched to a sawmill in the French village of Clairvaux-le-Lacs, in the Jura area of France where the Janier-Dubry circle of relatives was once operating the native resistance effort. She had most effective been in France for six months, however she used to be at her happiest. She was doing work she loved in a ravishing part of the rustic. She knew D-Day used to be fast drawing near and planned to come again there to live, with her mother, when the conflict ended. But her days have been already numbered.
Unbeknownst to her, an undercover British agent deployed to France have been captured. Both a German agent or a Frenchman operating for the Germans impersonated him and confirmed up on the sawmill, where he passed himself off as a brand new undercover agent, “Benoit.” The circle of relatives and the spies deliberate a celebratory dinner that night to welcome the new guy, whom they were eagerly looking ahead to.
An undercover British agent who passed himself off as a brand new undercover agent, “Benoit.”
Rowden took “Benoit” to the town, where she offered him to different members of the resistance. However as they returned home, they were followed via the Gestapo, who seemed at the sawmill minutes later, brandishing guns.
Rowden, the opposite dealers and resistance employees and all of the Janier-Dubry family were rounded up.
Rowden used to be taken for interrogation via the SS in Paris and imprisoned for 6 months. She was in the end taken, at the side of three different feminine dealers from different portions of France, to the Natzweiler concentration camp. Shortly after D-Day, the orders got here from Nazi headquarters: Execute all four of them.
A Dutch prisoner who was once also in Natzweiler wrote in his diary concerning the day the ladies arrived. “Four summery ladies with lovely long hair and lightly swaying skirts, a few with naked arms, all with naked legs. They seemed around. They gave the look of angels from heaven.”
That evening the ladies were given what they have been instructed have been typhoid inoculations but have been instead lethal doses of the drug phenol. Their our bodies have been thrown into the crematorium. At a tribulation following the battle, witnesses mentioned that either one or all of the ladies were nonetheless alive after they have been forced into the oven. One shouted “Viva los angeles France!” earlier than she burned.
Even If McDonald-Rothwell wishes the British would erect a monument to the young girl who made without equal sacrifice for the conflict, she’s commemorated to at least convey Rowden back to lifestyles in her e-book.
Writing it, she says, “become a little of a non secular revel in for me. I began to really feel that Diana were looking ahead to me to tell her story.”